Two types of editing: (All examples can be found in Forest Gump and The Fugitive.)
- Linear Editing
- Recording from a source to a recording unit.
- Multiple sources for transitions
- Controller (line up times)
- Non-Linear Editing
- Software, like Final Cut or Premiere, in order to view digital footage.
Preparing to Edit:
- Capture your clips—makes sure all your clips are compatible (codecs, least common denominator specs). Transcode if necessary.
- Mark and organize your clips—so you can locate them easily during editing. You may not think it’s worth it, but it is.
- Gather additional audio and video—other existing video footage, still images, animation clips, music and/or sound effects.
- Jump cut—calls attention to itself because it is not continuous.
- Seamless editing —unnoticed by the viewer, in favor of the story or message.
- Use mid-action shots to make it feel kinetic
- Cut just before the action takes place to move it forward
- “Motivating the Cut” — Making the edit feel as though it were suppose to happen. E.g. Looking in a direction, then cutting to the look or point. Or responding to dialogue.
- We cut when we’ve seen enough
- The wider the shot, the longer we can watch it. (More to see.)
- the closer the shot, the sooner we will be ready to look at something else.
- Shots with changes in visual perspectives can hold audience attention longer than static shots.
- Using Audio
- Continuous audio is an uninterrupted track that helps create a unified feel.
- Split Audio — sound from the next clip starts in the previous video clip.
Advanced Editing Techniques:
- Time Compression—Speeding up time through cutting.
- Parallel Editing—Cutting between two scenes simultaneously.
- Juxtaposition—used primarily in narrative (Storytelling) film or video.
- Montage or Thematic Editing—many shots to create a certain mood or tell a single story.
- If you have two HDR cameras, you can overlay an underexposed recording over an overexposed recording to create the following effect:
Transitions: General rule: Use The Simplest Transition
- Dissolves and wipes
- Digital graphics effects
Keys: Keying allows you to replace a particular color in the scene with a second video image. (Green screening)