Video Editing (Feb 27th, 2013 class notes)

Two types of editing: (All examples can be found in Forest Gump and The Fugitive.)

  1. Linear Editing
    1. Recording from a source to a recording unit.
    2. Multiple sources for transitions
    3. Controller (line up times)
    4. Switcher
  2. Non-Linear Editing
    1. Software, like Final Cut or Premiere, in order to view digital footage.

Preparing to Edit:

  1. Capture your clips—makes sure all your clips are compatible (codecs, least common denominator specs).  Transcode if necessary.
  2. Mark and organize your clips—so you can locate them easily during editing.  You may not think it’s worth it, but it is.
  3. Gather additional audio and video—other existing video footage, still images, animation clips, music and/or sound effects.

Editing Techniques:

  1. Jump cut—calls attention to itself because it is not continuous.
  2. Seamless editing —unnoticed by the viewer, in favor of the story or message.
    1. Use mid-action shots to make it feel kinetic
    2. Cut just before the action takes place to move it forward
    3. “Motivating the Cut” — Making the edit feel as though it were suppose to happen. E.g. Looking in a direction, then cutting to the look or point. Or responding to dialogue.
    4. We cut when we’ve seen enough
      1. The wider the shot, the longer we can watch it.  (More to see.)
      2. the closer the shot, the sooner we will be ready to look at something else.
      3. Shots with changes in visual perspectives can hold audience attention longer than static shots.
    5. Using Audio
      1. Continuous audio is an uninterrupted track that helps create a unified feel.
      2. Split Audio — sound from the next clip starts in the previous video clip.

Advanced Editing Techniques:

  1. Time Compression—Speeding up time through cutting.
  2. Parallel Editing—Cutting between two scenes simultaneously.
  3. Juxtaposition—used primarily in narrative (Storytelling) film or video.
  4. Montage or Thematic Editing—many shots to create a certain mood or tell a single story.
  5. If you have two HDR cameras, you can overlay an underexposed recording over an overexposed recording to create the following effect:

Transitions: General rule: Use The Simplest Transition

  1. Cuts
  2. Dissolves and wipes
  3. Digital graphics effects

Keys: Keying allows you to replace a particular color in the scene with a second video image. (Green screening)


About bryantanner

I'm obsessed with learning via the appropriate technology. My professional mission is to effectively deliver instruction to learners in a way that yields the greatest results for all stakeholders involved.
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