Educational Fair Use
Even if copyrighted materials are being used for educational purposes, copyright laws still apply. However, they are much more lenient than in commercial settings. The following links explain the rules for using works for educational purposes
Many works are considered to be in the public domain. In this case the copyright for these works has expired, allowing them to be used and distributed freely. As a basic rule of thumb, works copyrighted before 1923 are safely in the public domain. The following are some sites that have public domain resources on them (however, you should always check to make sure material on a “public domain” site is really public domain).
- http://www.ipl.org/div/books/ — Free Online Lit Database
- Mutopia Site — Free Sheet Music
- http://gutenberg.net/ — Free Books
- http://digital.library.upenn.edu/books/ — Free Library of Literature
Copyleft is similar to public domain. Materials that have been “copylefted” are available for free use and distribution as long as they remain free for others to use and distribute (read the Copyleft text). The following are links to excellent copyleft sites.
Copyright and K-12: Who Pays in the Network Era? – American public schools are spending less than three percent of their budgets each year on textbooks and other copyrighted works–approximately $5.4 billion out of current expenditures of well over $200 billion. Many teachers and students are either doing without the material or pirating it. The goal of this paper by David H. Rothman is to enlighten the K-12 community about the issues involved with copyright sharing educational materials.
Copyright Implementation Manual (CIM) – Copyright law is complex, constantly evolving, and open to a wide range of legal interpretation; it’s the goal of CIM to provide teachers, librarians, and students with clear instructions on the permissible uses of copyrighted materials.
Fair Use of Copyrighted Works A Crucial Element in Educating America – This home page contains the electronic version of Fair Use of Copyrighted Works, a pamphlet published by CETUS. It was put together by the Working Group on Ownership, Legal Rights of Use and Fair Use of the CSU-SUNY-CUNY Joint Committee. It also contains links to fair-use guidelines and other resources that are intended to promote a fuller understanding and appreciation of copyright laws.
Keeping it Legal: Questions Arising out of Web Site Management – 1996 article written by Jamie McKenzie for school administrators discussing some potential copyright violations arising from student and staff Web pages.
Electronic Media and the Web
Association of Computing Machinery Copyright and Intellectual Property – The ACM U.S. Public Policy Committee (USACM) serves as the focal point for ACM’s interaction with U.S. government organizations, the computing community and the U.S. public in all matters of U.S. public policy related to information technology. Updates on laws, and proposed bills are posted along with links to discussions and articles relating to Copyright and Intellectual Property.
The Copyright Website! – The Copyright Website! endeavors to provide real world, practical and relevant copyright information of interest to infonauts, netsurfers, webspinners, content providers, musicians, appropriationists, activists, infringers, outlaws, and law abiding citizens by seeking to encourage discourse and invite solutions to the myriad of copyright tangles that currently permeate the Web.
Copyright Clearance Center (CCC) – The CCC is a not-for-profit organization created at the suggestion of Congress to help organizations comply with U.S. copyright law. This site contains information about copyright law and through its licensing programs, it provides authorized users with a lawful means for making photocopies from its repertory of over 1.75 million titles.
US Copyright Office – provides information about both national and international copyright laws as well as provides links to other resources.via: InstructionalDesign.org (on March 16th, 2013)